Nickname: The Buckeye State
Statehood: 1803; 17th state
Population (as of July, 2016):11,614,373
Biggest City: Columbus
State bird: cardinal
State flower: red carnation
No one is sure where Ohio’s name came from, but some experts think it comes from the Iroquois word Oyo, which means roughly “the great river,” and refers to the Ohio River (the river in present-day Pennsylvania, where the Iroquois lived.)
The Buckeye State gets its nickname from a common tree in Ohio called a Buckeye. Its nuts look like a deer’s eye—that is, a buck’s eye.
The structure of their government is the outline in the Constitution and law of Ohio. They divided their state of the government into several cabinet or administrative departments.
The government of the State of Ohio consists of :
♥ legislative branches
There are also several levels of local government in Ohio:
♥ municipalities (cities and villages)
♥ special districts
♥ school districts
GEOGRAPHY AND LANDFORMS
Ohio is border by Michigan and Lake Erie in the north, Pennsylvania and West Virginia in the east, Kentucky and West Virginia in the south, and Indiana in the west. The state is mostly made up of plains but divided into five geographical regions.
- Northern Great Lakes Plains region is a fertile lowland, while the Lake Erie Shoreline has sandy and clay beaches, tall clay bluffs, dunes that run along the shore.
- Till Plains is a large area in the west and center of the state that’s also very fertile, so much corn grows there that it’s considered the beginning of America’s corn belt. The lowland region contains the highest point in Ohio—Campbell Hill—but it’s not even high enough to be considered a mountain.
- Appalachian Plateau is Ohio’s largest region and covers almost the entire eastern half of the state. It’s also the state’s most rugged area, with high hills and plunging valleys.
- Bluegrass Region is a small area in the south, with cliffs and deep valleys. Sinkholes and caves dot the land. You can also see the five-mile Serpent Mound Meteor Crater, which scientists think could have been formed by a meteor crash millions of years ago.
- Lake Erie Shoreline it is 312 miles that divide the eastern shoreline consists of eight to ten clay buffs and the western side consists of beaches of clay and sand.